The Hot Springs Opera House

Where arts and entertainment thrived in the late 1800s

By Elizabeth Robbins, photography courtesy of the Garland County Historical Society

By Elizabeth Robbins, photography courtesy of the Garland County Historical Society

Where did Hot Springs go for arts and entertainment long ago? The best of the early theaters was a hall (with a tin roof) above the fire station. Once a fire alarm and a hailstorm “sounded off ” at the same time during a performance. That might have helped spur Col. Samuel Fordyce to finance the Grand Opera House at 200 Central Avenue in 1882.

Also, the timing was right. By the early 1880s, our city of more than 3,500 was a nationally known health mecca. Called the “finest example of Victorian opera house architecture between the East Coast and Central City, Colo.,” the three-story brick Opera House was designed to show that we were as cosmopolitan as the cities rich visitors flocked here from.

View of stage (at right) from balcony, 1961.

View of stage (at right) from balcony, 1961.

In November 1882, the red velvet curtains lifted for the first performance — noted actor Frederick Warde in the drama “Virginius.” Ladies’ brilliant jewels and elegant gowns and gentlemen’s tuxedos gleamed in the rich glow of frosted gas lights. A thousand patrons could occupy the second-floor theater (which included a balcony and four opera boxes) after entering the elaborate third-floor lobby from Canyon Street.

Opera and acting companies, famous singers and musicians, and nationally known speakers drew audiences. Star performers who appeared at the Opera House included Lillian Russell, Billy Burk, Evelyn Nesbit (“The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing”), and James O’Neill (father of Eugene O’Neill). Often, a parade down Central Avenue would announce the opening of a show
— such as one in 1882 for General Tom Thumb of Barnum’s circus.

From an opera box, John Connelly, I. Granger McDaniel, and Lowell Wilson inspect the interior shortly before building was razed in 1961.

From an opera box, John Connelly, I. Granger McDaniel, and Lowell Wilson inspect the interior shortly before building was razed in 1961.

The Opera House had civic as well as entertainment uses. The first Hot Springs High School graduation ceremony was held there in 1886. William Jennings Bryan raised funds there in 1899 for the proposed National Pythian Sanitarium. The Assembly of the Presbyterian Church South was held there in 1892, and, in 1914, the Opera House was the site of the founding of the Assemblies of God denomination.

The first floor was leased to three businesses — the Musgrove grocery store, the Opera House Saloon, and Bentz Brothers Undertakers. (Having an undertaker next door was convenient in 1884 when Police Chief Tom Toler fatally shot his would-be assassin in the saloon.)

When the city opened the Auditorium Theater on Convention Boulevard in 1904, the Opera House’s days were numbered. The “class” acts
now appeared in the new theater, which had more seating and the second-largest stage in the South. The Opera House became the venue for vaudeville acts, which were not well attended, and in 1911 there was a brief attempt to show motion pictures there. The final live performance was a minstrel show on Dec. 24, 1917.

Christmas, 1950s. Retail stores continued to use the first floor.

Christmas, 1950s. Retail stores continued to use the first floor.

Eventually, the empty building was condemned by the city. In 1961, a campaign to buy and renovate the historic structure was spearheaded by auto dealer Hugh Beasley. However, those who wanted to save the Opera House could not raise enough money quickly enough to purchase the property. The Opera House was razed in 1961. An architectural treasure that was once the cultural hub of the city was replaced by the Aristocrat Hotel parking deck.

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